Deprecated: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; plgSystemCSSConfig has a deprecated constructor in /home/denqgtqu/public_html/plugins/system/cssconfig/cssconfig.php on line 29
Hidden spectrum of diseases and “case reporting”

Specific clinical diagnoses may be small visible parts of huge icebergs

MohammadBagher OWLIA1 and MasoudMIRZAEI2


Disease (dis+ ease) is a term denoting to disorder (dis+ order) of function or structure in a living organism. It means feeling of inconvenience. Well known and specific disorders are human-made classifications for better understanding, teaching, and optimization of management. In most instances classic descriptions of diseases are clear-cut definitions with widely accepted well demarcated margins.

From this point of view any one may imagine specific and classic disorders as separate islands apparently apart from each other from a “topdown” view (Figure, top).


1Department of Internal Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2Yazd Cardiovascular Research Centre, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran